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 Chapter 15 Discussion Question

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Mrs.Gupton
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PostSubject: Chapter 15 Discussion Question    Tue Oct 18, 2011 4:44 pm

Are there any people in the world today who occupy a position like that of the nobility in the 18th-Century? If so who are they and how are they like nobility? Why did the role of nobility during the 18th century and how was it a necessary evil?
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Ashten2014



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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 15 Discussion Question    Mon Oct 24, 2011 9:17 pm

MINE!


Politicians are a lot like the nobility then, in the way that if their social status was hurt in any way or if it was in jeopardy they would not be happy. In the18th century the role of the nobility was crucial without nobility there was no one to own the land and without the land the peasants and serfs would not be working for them and crops would not be harvested. And for a king he had to have the nobility on his side because they had money which meant their opinion mattered more than the common folk. Without nobility a king might lose faith in his people for having things such as high taxes which benefit the nobility because it allows them to maintain their higher status because they don’t always have to pay as much as peasants do, because to a king popularity from a peasant is not as important as popularity from a noble.

what were three inventions in the 18th century and how did they effect the economy?
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ElviraDzafic



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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 15 Discussion Question    Mon Oct 24, 2011 9:37 pm

DIBSSS


Three inventions from the eighteenth century were the seed drill, the spinning jenny, and the steam engine. The seed drill was invented by Jethro Tull in Britain. He had tons of ideas; some were wrong, some were right, and the seed drill had just happened to be one of the right ideas. The seed drill allowed deeper holes to be dug so seeds could be planted further into the ground. His methods allowed land to be cultivated for longer periods of time without having to leave it fallow. This allowed more crops to be available, which in turn raised profits for the farmer and gave him more money and possibly a better life. The second invention, the spinning jenny, was invented by James Hargreaves in about 1765. The spinning jenny, at first, allowed sixteen spindles of thread to be spun, but by the end of the century, it allowed 120 spindles to be spun. See, weavers could produce the quantity of fabric that they needed, it’s just that their spinners couldn’t produce as much thread as they needed. The spinning jenny expanded the textile industry, also bringing in more profits with the greater amount of fabrics. The third invention, the steam engine, wasn’t a genius idea at first. It was invented by Thomas Newcomen in the early eighteenth century. The steam engine could be applied to both industrial uses and transportation uses. It was large and inefficient though. It was inefficient because it was practically not transportable; both the cylinder and the condenser were heated. It wasn’t until a man by the name of James Watt came into the steam engine’s life that it’d be changed forever. Watt suggested separating the condenser from the piston and cylinder, to make it more efficient; he ended up patenting this idea in 1769, and it was then produced by the help of Matthew Boulton and John Wilkinson. The use of the steam engine spread slowly, but once Boulton persuaded Watt to make some modifications to the engine, it had become the prime mover for all industry.


How does family relate to economy and how does the greater amount of children affect a family's life?


Last edited by ElviraDzafic on Mon Oct 24, 2011 10:23 pm; edited 1 time in total
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Molly.Swack



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PostSubject: Mineeeee.   Mon Oct 24, 2011 9:52 pm

One of the important inventions of the 18th century was the Spinning Jenny. Before this was invented, spinners could not produce as much thread as the weavers needed, because they didnt have the right equipment. Productivity was increased when the flying shuttle was invented, but efficiency wasn't where should be. So in 1765, James Hargreaves invented the Spinning Jenny. Now, spinners could spin 16 spindles of thread, and by the end of the century, it could do about 120 spindles. The next invention was the Water Frame. The Water frame made textile manufacturing possible in factories, and was patented in 1769. It produced pure cotton fabric, making the proccess much less time-consuming. The cotton output had increased by 800%. And eventually, roughly made 40 percent of British exports. The last invention, and probably the most important, is the Steam Engine. the steam engine was powered by burning coal, unlike any other machine. It was also very applicable in many situations, such as industrial and transportational needs. Although Newcomen had invented something similar to the steam engine, it was not as useful or efficient as it.

Explain the biggest occurrences if the Industrial Revolution.
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Molly.Swack



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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 15 Discussion Question    Mon Oct 24, 2011 9:53 pm

By the way, I answered ashtens..
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ElviraDzafic



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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 15 Discussion Question    Mon Oct 24, 2011 10:25 pm

BUT I CALLED DIBS MOLLY Razz
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kara.england



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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 15 Discussion Question    Mon Oct 24, 2011 11:01 pm

i call dibs on ElviraDzafic's question!

Family life and the economy were very closely related. In Northwestern Europe, children helped their parents. Unless their parents were a skilled artisan, in which case they would learn that skill from their parents, the children would leave home when they were no longer needed to help at home. They wouldthen enter the workforce as servants until they saved up enough money to start their own household. Across most of Europe, the household served as the main workplace and place of production. Everyone in a household worked, which meant that the more children a family had, the more work they could accomplish and the more profit could be made. This model was even true for artisan families. While they would hire servants, their children also worked.

How did the Agricultural and Industrial Revoultions change womens' roles in society?


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sumi5

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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 15 Discussion Question    Mon Oct 24, 2011 11:13 pm

DIBS ON KARA'S!

Women became a step closer to being equal to men during the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions. They began working outside the house just as a male would and even got paid to help bring in income for their family. Simple tasks such as “cutting” the grass became easier for women to do because the heavy scythes used by men were now replaced by lighter sickles that women could use. Also women began becoming involved in the cottage industry since men were taking their jobs. For example, instead of women using Spinning Jennies, men put them out of work by using heavy machinery to receive more products. If women could not get into the cottage industry, they got into domestic service (indentured servants). If it weren’t for women, the Industrial Revolution may not have happened since they contributed to a large part of the sum of the labor workers.

Meanwhile, here's my question to whomever takes the challenge: What was the major reason for Polish instability and decline in the 18th century?
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